Location: East Africa along the Indian Ocean between Somalia and Tanzania.
Total Area: 582,650 Sq.Km.
Land: 569,250 Sq. Km.
Area covered by water: 13,400 Sq. Km.
Kenya is almost twice as large as the state of Nevada boasting a 536 Km long coast strip along the Indian Ocean.
Borders: The country shares a 232 Km border with Sudan, a 769 Km border with Tanzania, a 830 Km border with Ethiopia, and a 933 Km with Uganda.
Land: Kenya has magnificent stretches of grasslands that extend to the interior where the great Rift Valley divides the country into two. The lower lands stretch towards the Indian Ocean, while the highest peak is Mt. Kilimanjaro.
Geography: The highland areas are primarily agricultural lands, while the glaciers on Mt. Kenya, which has a unique morphology, are a great source of water for irrigation. Mt. Kenya plays a very important role to the country’s economy on agricultural, scientific and tourism fronts.
The Climate: Kenya’s climate is tropical. The coastal area is both humid and relatively cool with average temperatures of 30º C all year round. The Kenyan interior is semiarid with moderate daytime temperatures, coupled with cooler night time temperatures. In the north eastern region, and around the central Aberdare ranges, the temperatures are usually lower especially between the June – September season. The long rain season usually takes place between March and May while the short rain season falls between the months of October through December. The hottest months (or dry season) are usually January, February and August. It is however important to note that Nairobi has been rated in the Guiness book of records, as among the cities in the world with the best climate throughout the year.
Means of Transport: Road, Railway, Maritime and Air transport are all possible in Kenya.
The main railway line connects Kisumu, Nairobi and Mombasa where the main port is located. This makes it easy to transport goods and passengers from the coastal region into the mainland, or from Lake Victoria to the Nairobi and other parts of the country.
The road infrastructure improved remarkably over the years, and more networks are constantly being incorporated to the national grid in order to increase accessibility. Access roads to Kenyan national parks and game reserves are well maintained to support tourism.
Kenya has two main airports in Nairobi, Jomo Kenyatta International airport and The Wilson airport. The Moi Airport in Mombasa was recently upgraded to an International airport, and the Eldoret Airport is in the process of being upgraded.
The national port in Mombasa is the most important in the East African region because it serves a number of landlocked countries. The port is supports the flow of both import and export goods in so doing it plays a pivotal role in the burgeoning East African economy.